Stella the kākāpō on Codfish Island
Image: Sabine Bernert ©


The kākāpō (night parrot) is one of New Zealand’s unique treasures with fewer than 160 known surviving birds. It is listed internationally as a critically endangered species.


Population: Fewer than 160 in April 2017
New Zealand status: Endemic 
Conservation status: Threatened–Nationally Critical
Found in: Whenua Hou (Codfish Island) near Stewart Island, Anchor Island in Fiordland, and Little Barrier Island (Hauturu-o-Toi) near Auckland
Threats: Predators, disease, genetic inbreeding, infertility

Sound recordings:

Kākāpō male 'booms' (MP3, 2,102K)
02:14 – Adult male 'booming' to attract females.

Kākāpō male 'chings' (MP3, 345K)
00:22 – Adult male 'chinging' to attract females.

Kākāpō male territorial calls (MP3, 2,361K)
02:30 – Adult male giving territorial calls (00:43). Screaming in answer to playback of booming call played through amplifier.

Kākāpō female song (MP3, 1,396K)
01:28 – Adult female.

Species information: Kākāpo on NZ Birds Online

In this section

Kākāpō conservation

Early Polynesian settlers hunted kākāpō for its plumage and meat. From the 1840s, European settlers not only hunted the bird, they cleared the land and destroyed its habitat. Most devastating to kākāpō survival was the introduction of predators such as rats, cats and stoats.

By the 1970s only 18 kākāpō were left – all in Fiordland and all males. The species seemed doomed. But in 1977, a population of male and female kākāpō was discovered on Stewart Island, giving new hope for the survival of this precious bird.

All remaining kākāpō are now managed by DOC on three offshore islands: Codfish Island/Whenua Hou near Stewart Island, Anchor Island in Fiordland, and Te Hauturu-o-Toi / Little Barrier Island near Auckland.

Kākāpō Recovery Team

DOC has a Kākāpō Recovery Team advised by a Kākāpō Recovery Group.

Our staff that live on the offshore islands ensure the birds are safe, healthy and well-fed. The work of our other team members involve specialist skills including research, bird rearing, logistics, and advocacy.

The aim of Kākāpō Recovery is to establish at least two managed populations of kākāpō and another self-sustaining population, each with at least 50 breeding aged females, in a protected habitat.

Meridian Energy Partnership

DOC and Meridian logos.

Since June 2016, Meridian Energy has been the National Partner of the Kākāpō Recovery Programme. This partnership contributes to the future growth of the kākāpō population, by helping DOC to fund research and pioneer conservation techniques relating to genetics, nutrition, disease management and finding new sites.

You can help

Visit the Kākāpō Recovery website to get involved through donations and volunteering.

Emergency hotline

Call 0800 DOC HOT (0800 362 468) immediately if you see anyone catching, harming or killing native wildlife. 

Help protect our native birds

When visiting parks, beaches, rivers, and lakes
  • Only take dogs to areas that allow them, and keep them under control.
  • Check for pests when visiting pest-free islands.
  • Leave nesting birds alone.
  • Use available access ways to get to the beach. 
  • Avoid leaving old fishing lines on beaches or in the sea.
  • Follow the water care code and local navigation bylaws.
  • Don't drive on riverbeds, or keep to formed tracks if you have to.
Other ways to help
  • Get your dog trained in avian awareness.
  • Volunteer to control predators and restore bird habitats.
  • Set predator traps on our property.
  • Put a bell on your cat's collar and feed it well.
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